January 29, 2000Australia Blooms for SF Filmmakers
SYDNEY, Australia -- Strange-looking aliens, dark cityscapes,
mind-bending visuals -- all at good prices!
In this era of "faster, better, cheaper," science
fiction and space films are finding a quirky mother ship for production: Australia.
With productions like Dark City, The Matrix and the Sci-Fi
Channels Farscape making their home Down Under, this sun- and surf-kissed land is
building a reputation for cutting-edge SF films. But this time around, the high-budget
look is a far cry from the make-do car chases that characterized Mel Gibsons
mid-1980s post-apocalyptic "Mad Max" film series.
Ground zero for the new wave is the creative and technical
infrastructure of Fox Studios in Sydney, which opened in May 1998 with six sound stages.
Australias reputation as a science fiction film
location will be further cemented later this year when the next Star Wars movie starts
production. Lucasfilm Ltd. personnel have already started arriving in Sydney, and George
Lucas has committed to filming the next two prequels at Fox Studios.
Making big-budget movies affordable
Although Lucas himself hasnt said so, a major motivator
for many productions is cost.
"Theres about a 30 percent savings over Los
Angeles in producing in Australia," says Matt Carroll, Sydney-based producer of
Farscape, which shot 22 episodes in Australia and plans to shoot more. "That seems to
be the magic number over which we find we can produce efficiently here."
While Australia still cant match the tax breaks of
Canada or the low-cost labor of Mexico, it offers a combination of sophisticated sound
stages, trained workers, stunning outdoor locations and reasonable wage and production
costs that make a good overall package. Similar dynamics are at work in New Zealand, where
Xena: Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys have filmed for several years
in converted pastures just outside Auckland. In southern New Zealand, meanwhile, a
three-part mega-budget movie version of Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings is in production,
set for release sometime in 2001.
In the past, the stunning outdoor scenery was what drew
fantasy-oriented productions to the antipodes, with Mad Max leading the way. Much of that
particular apocalyptic movie was shot outside the desert mining town of Broken Hill, in
New South Wales, and near the South Australian opal town of Coober Pedy.
A long line of productions has used the desert outside Coober
Pedy as backdrop since. Red Planet, a film starring Val Kilmer about an ill-fated space
mission to Mars, is the latest. It's now in post-production and will be released later
Andrew Mason, Australian producer of The Matrix, which was
filmed at Fox Studios and on the surrounding Sydney streets, attributes the growing number
of high-tech productions in Australia to a sort of "virtuous circle."
"Babe, Dark City and Babe: Pig in the City kind of
overlapped into The Matrix, which then progressed onto Mission: Impossible II," he
said, rattling off a few productions that have rolled out of Sydney recently.
In particular, the first three films mentioned all
spotlighted locations around the city, such as the neighborhoods of The Rocks, Darling
Harbor and Surry Hills. To Mason, Sydneys skyline and streets can be either faceless
or distinctive, depending on a film's needs.
"When youre talking about a futuristic version of
an American city, or a totally-invented urban environment, the scenery here works
well," he said. "Sydney will never be a serious option for making films that
have to look just like present-day America. If you want to shoot something that looks like
the streets of New York, you need to go to Toronto."
The downside of success
Amidst this plenitude of film productions, some local
concerns are being aired sotto voce.
Among them: big-ticket foreign movie productions could hit
Australia like powerful bacteria from space, wiping out indigenous life forms in the
domestic film industry.
At present, the numbers seem to support these concerns. Total
film and television production in Australia rose 23 percent to roughly US$440 million in
the year ended June 30, 1999, largely on the back of big foreign productions shot in
Australia like Pitch Black, another big-budget science fiction film.
Meanwhile, the value of Australian productions shot in
Australia fell 27 percent to roughly US$180 million, according to figures compiled by the
Australian Film Commission, an Australian government agency that promotes domestic
If this kind of hothouse environment continues,
smaller-budget Australian films could find themselves unable to compete for scarce talent,
says Chris Godfrey, visual effects director and co-founder of Animal Logic, a Sydney-based
company that has provided special effects work for The Matrix, Face Off and Babe: Pig in
the City. Carroll agrees.
"Were hoping big foreign productions dont
completely overshadow smaller Australian ones," Carroll said. "The industry is
looking for a happy cohabitation."